Wednesday Round Up #148

Ptak Science Books provided this illustration, and several others, in the post The Architecture Of 13,000,000 Pounds Of Opium Production.

The image comes from an 1882 Scientific American article, and initially were crafted by Bengal Commissioner Lt. Col. Walter S. Sherwill, who published them as color lithographs in 1850.


The first two pieces are by my fellow Plogger Martin Fenner, who is at the forefront of how to create advances in how scholarly publishing will work in the digital & internet age. From history to proposal – this is a good approach!

Martin Fenner, A Very Brief History Of Scholarly HTML
*History of the beginnings of HTML and how the pdf format won over scholars.

Martin Fenner, Beyond The PDF … Is ePub
*An innovative approach to disseminating and reading articles in online formats. Includes the original presentation and the first prototype.

Vickie Chachere, Everything Old Is New Again
*Launch of a new, interactive, and online literature journal reaching a broader audience and streamlining the publishing process. Plus find out who Aphra Behn is!

Ian Hacking, The Mathematical Animal
*Philosopher, Ian Hacking, lectures on mathematics and its conceptualization – and thus more broadly on how humans think about things

Dorothy Bishop, The Expansion Of Research Regulators
*Institutional review boards oversee research involving human subjects and ensure compliance with ethnical guidelines, but is increasing regulation stifling advances in health? Interesting post on how regulation started, incidents that have increased it, and how the process can be simplified.

Jonah Lehrer, Are People Nicer In Cities?
*Recent statistical studies of urban settings, characteristics found in any city, and social behaviors.

Third Tone Devil, Nature Matters, Too
*Fascinating new book on beauty, race, and plastic surgery in Brazil.

Jason Baird Jackson, Review of: Arts, Inc.: How Greed And Neglect Have Destroyed Our Cultural Rights
*From his positions in federally funded art institutions, such as the National Endowment for the Arts, Bill Ivey shares his thoughts on cultural rights in the U.S. and the future of folklorists.

Josh Marshall, My Worlds Collide
*Tensions in Wisconsin are still high, as the Republican Party has launched an inquiry into a state professor after he wrote a blog post on who is behind the anti-union bill.

Bob Herbert, Losing Our Way
*Bob Herbert recently announced he is leaving the NY Times, which is a great loss, as his column has brought attention to the often overlooked working class and poor. In his last column, he examines how America has lost its way and succumbed to corporate greed.


Jesse Prinz, Morality Is A Culturally Conditioned Response
*Enculturation, relativism, and other perplexing issues in how morality is developed and understood.

Stephen Budiansky, Still Red In Tooth And Claw
*Strong critique of a recent book that uses anthropomorphic examples as evidence of altruism among animals. Already provoking reactions…


Lisa Ling and Katie Hinman, Pregnant And Addicted To Heroin
*Sad story of how heroin is becoming common in the Midwest and affecting the lives of young people, including this pregnant mother. Current information on the mother’s situation is profiled on Lisa Ling’s Our American television show on the OWN network.

Brain Mysteries, Genetic Makeup And Duration Of Abuse Reduce The Brain’s Neurons In Drug Addiction
*More evidence showing how genes may predispose some to drug abuse.

Lynsey Addario, Afghanistan Heroin
*Graphic and striking photographs of heroin use in Afghanistan.

Wray Herbert, A Sobering Message About Free Will
*Belief systems, perceptions of free will and how these factors influence the risk of relapse.

Science Daily, Similarities Found In Brain Activity For Both Habits And Goals
*Recent findings showing the intertwining between different decision processes in the brain and how this can help with addiction treatment programs.

Daniel Akst, You vs. Temptation: Why Self-Control Has Gotten So Hard
*How our increasingly interconnected and technologically fueled world is making self-control much more difficult.


James Holland Jones, Some Pointers
*Excellent resource on anthropologists conducting research on human ecology, biology and health and links to their websites.

Laura Ahearn, Language And Agency
*Agency as negotiated through language and the role of discourse in shaping its conceptualization.

Julia James, Science, Upstream: On Board Games And Resource Management
*Settlers of Catan combined with Bogota, Colombia! Wow – I like that. Or, learning about ecological sustainability and the “tragedy of the commons” through a game.

Jennifer Burney, Ecology, Evolution, And Human Health
*Another great resource for students and teachers in the anthropology of ecology, evolution, and health. Includes a list of anthropologists who have studied these issues and websites on the topics.

Alok Jha, Humans Arrived In North America 2,500 Years Earlier Than Thought
*Archaeological find of stone tools, which points to early human migration to the Americas.


Jonah Lehrer, Which Traits Predict Success?
*Are you born with talent or can it be learned? Thoughts on how consistent practice leads to success.

Vaughan Bell, Suggesting Altered States
*The power of suggestion and hypnosis on the brain.

Tom Paulson, Why Is Mental Illness So Low On The Global Health Agenda?
*Exploration of why mental health is not mentioned in global health initiatives, such as the Millennium Development Goals and why there is a reluctance to address this issue.

Randolph Schmid, To the Brain the Pain of Rejection Really Hurts
*Areas of the brain that respond to physical pain overlap with those that respond to social rejection

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