Wednesday Round Up #126

That is a striking Guilloché pattern created by Subblue. Even better, Subblue has created a program where you can generate your own Guilloche patterns online.

This week it is top of the list, more on culture of poverty, anthropology, mind, and behavioral health.

Top of the List

John Horgan, Margaret Mead’s Bashers Owe Her an Apology
*Scientific American on Margaret Mead and why her work still counts

Alex Golub, The Trashing of Margaret Mead
*Over at Savage Minds, Rex gives an in-depth review of the new book by Paul Shankman, The Trashing of Margaret Mead: Anatomy of an Anthropological Controversy

Charles Blow, Smoke and Horrors
An enlightened critique of the Drug War, and its latest focus on marijuana. More white people use marijuana, but many more minorities are arrested and prosecuted. Why?

Why would Democrats support a program that has such a deleterious effect on their most loyal constituencies? It is, in part, callous political calculus. It’s an easy and relatively cheap way for them to buy a tough-on-crime badge while simultaneously pleasing police unions. The fact that they are ruining the lives of hundreds of thousands of black and Hispanic men and, by extension, the communities they belong to barely seems to register.

Judy Illes, Empowering Brain Science with Neuroethics
*Thought provoking piece examining various ethical dilemmas neuroscientists deal with in their work.

Stephen Ginn, Risk
*Maybe we’ve taken risk aversion too far. Ginn looks at how perceived risks associated with mental health patients affects their treatment and care.

Cliff Kuang, Infographic of the Day: How the Global Food Market Starves the Poor
*Why your dinner choice directly affects the other side of the globe

Ed Yong, When in Doubt, Shout – Why Shaking Someone’s Beliefs Turns Them into Stronger Advocates
*Cognitive dissonance makes a comeback – when doubt leads to stronger belief

The Colbert Report, John Durant
*Given up on current diet trends? Check out John Durant’s “hunter-gatherer” diet, which not only will help with weight loss, but also with any fertility issues you may have.

Martin Marks, E-Mail Auto Response
Very funny piece over at The New Yorker! Captures internet communication to a T!

Tom Stafford, The Narrative Escape
*Resisting authority relies on our ability to step outside the story that is being woven (i.e., the ideology).
-Or, meaning making as a way of resistance…

Nicholas Kristof, Dr. Greg and Afghanistan
*Greg Mortenson proposes a new military strategy in Afghanistan involving the construction of schools and ownership by community members.

Cliff Kuang, Google Maps Reveals Chinese Earthquake Devastation, Can Chinese Google Users See This?
*Probably not.

Culture of Poverty Debate

Yesterday I posted on news, critical reactions, and my own reflections on the Culture of Poverty Debate Continued. While I covered a lot of news there, I also discovered other pieces that didn’t make it into my overall synthetic post. So enjoy these!

Fayemi Shakur, The Trouble with Intellectuals and the Culture of Poverty
*A stirring reflection on the culture of poverty push, with plenty fo stinging critique, from a student

Michelle Lamont and Mario Small, How Culture Matters for the Understanding of Poverty: Enriching our Understanding
*A 2008 book chapter that brings the academic side to our understanding of the links between culture and poverty

Mario Small, Unanticipated Gains
*Get the first chapter to the sociologist Mario Luis Small’s book Unanticipated Gains, which examines inequalities in social capital through a focus on the “institutional conditions of the churches, colleges, firms, gyms, childcare centers, schools, and other organizations in which they happen to participate routinely.”

Belonging Community, If Hubs are the Solution, What’s the Problem?
*“poverty cannot be cured through a singly-targeted effort”

Teresa Seeman, Elissa Epel, Tara Gruenewald, Arun Karlamangla, and Bruce McEwen, Socio-economic Differentials in Peripheral Biology: Cumulative Allostatic Load
*Good article on the interrelationships between low socioeconomic status, allostatic load, and health.
-In other words, how cumulative stress can contribute to bad health outcomes due to being poor

Tom Jacobs, Income Inequality Linked to Senate Standoffs
*Poverty affects politics – as income inequality grows in a state, the senators’ votes become more polarized


Martijn de Koning, Closing the Week 42 – Featuring the Dying of the Multicultural Light
*Great round-up of news and analysis on the debate over multi-cultural societies in Europe, with a focus on Germany

Relocating the Laboratory: 40 Years of Collaborative Research on Culture
*Series of presentations on culture in the classroom and work, among many other topics.

Sally Augustin, Different Cultures, Different Robots
*Cultural traits are everywhere, including technological designs.

Eugene Raikhel, “Religion and Mental Health”: A Special Issue of Transcultural Psychiatry
*List of authors and abstracts from a special issue of Transcultural Psychiatry devoted to religion and mental health.

Radiolab, Vanishing Words
*Interesting podcast on how treating words like data can help reveal hidden patterns.

Heribert Watzke, The Brain in Your Gut
*Go with your gut instinct, it might actually be telling you something.

Juliette Jowit, Western Lifestyles Plundering Tropics at Record Rate, WWF Report Shows
*More evidence that people living a Western lifestyle are primarily responsible for environmental degradation.

Lawrence Blair, New John Chang Video
*Interesting video on acupuncture, chi, and healing. Plus he lights paper on fire with Chi! (?!) For more, see this research where Qigong is shown in a randomized trial to reduce chronic pain

Maryann Yin, 2010 PEN USA Literary Award Winners
*The anthropologist Angela Garcia wins Exceptional First Book Award for The Pastoral Clinic: Addiction and Dispossession along the Rio Grande

Serious Monkey Business, Provisioning Macaques in an Ecotourism Setting
*Stop feeding wild animals!
-Examination of how human-primate interactions have affected the behavior of Macaques living in Shou-Shan National Park in Taiwan.

PBS, The Human Spark
*From a young age we may show a preference for individuals who are more cooperative than others.

Joan Raymond, Is it Time to Return to Caveman Parenting?
*Instead of taking parenting advice from Dr. Spock, you might want to consider how our hunter-gatherer ancestors reared their children.

Wendy Blake, Going to Galapagos, and Trying to Limit the Footprint
*Darwin would be proud. Ecotourism on the Galapagos Islands.

Matt Walker, Dolphins Learn to ‘Walk on Water’
*Animals have culture too!

Karen Ravn, A Little Superstitious? You’re Not Alone
*We all have our little quirks and superstitions, just ask Rafael Nadal.


Allison, Neury Thursday: Disentangling Co-Neurotransmitter Release
*Dopamine and glutamate together.

Siri Carpenter, David Dobbs Examines a Provocative New Theory of How Genes Shape Behavior
*An interview with David Dobbs about his writing on the “orchid hypothesis” – “the tantalizing idea that certain variants of some behavioral genes can either increase children’s risk for psychiatric and behavioral problems or enable them to flourish spectacularly”

Flavia Di Pietro, How the Brain Makes Us Feel
All about the anterior insula!

Neurosurgery Pakistan, Brain AVM 18 Year Female
*Watch this clip of the removal of an AVM (abnormal collection of blood vessels)!

Mo Costandi, The Neuropsychology of Synaesthesia
*Thinking about numbers and equations in color, and how connectivity in the brain is key to that.

Jesse Bering, Being Suicidal: What it Feels Like to Want to Kill Yourself
*Comprehensive examination of some attributes found in suicidal people.

Catherine Clabby, Brains Like to Keep it Real
*A bird in hand is worth more than two in the bush to your brain

The Neurocritic, The Alienist and Neurologist
*In the 19th Century it wasn’t uncommon to see psychological articles entitled The Asexualization of the Unfit, but there were a few progressively minded individuals back then. So check out Ida Craddock’s musings on angels and sex!

Richard Landers, Should Video Games be Used in Therapy?
*Don’t run out and buy Wii yet, but there is some evidence that video games may help with counseling.

Gary Williams, What is Consciousness?
*Effective summary of two main ways to understand phenomenal consciousness.

BBC, The Science of Optical Illusions
*Now You See It, Now You Don’t! and why

Behavioral Health

Ronald Anderson, Anthropology and the Behavioral Sciences
*It’s a book review from 1972! That’s ground breaking.

Margie Lachman and Stefan Agrigoroaei, Promoting Functional Health in Midlife and Old Age
*Long-term Protective effects of control beliefs, social support, and physical exercise: Maintaining a sense of control over one’s life, having a set of positive social relationships, and engaging in regular exercise will help you age more gracefully.

Mark Seery, Alison Holman, and Roxane Silver, Whatever Does not Kill Us: Cumulative Lifetime Adversity, Vulnerability, and Resilience
*Abstract for a 2010 study that examines how adversity may make us more resilient.
-ScienceDaily covers it with the full cliche, Whatever does not kill us can make us stronger

David Amodio, Genetics, Personalized Medicine, and Behavioral Intervention
*Current issue of Perspectives on Psychological Science is free online until Nov. 15th. See how “intervention targets” and “personalized genetics” are getting linked

Arya Sharma, Shifting to Second Gear in Obesity Prevention
*”secondary prevention is not about preventing anyone from getting the condition; it is about ensuring that the problem does not get worse in the people who already have the problem.”

Lova Rakotomalala, Benin: Text Messages to Help Protect Children Against Violence: Lessons Learned
*Networking against violence

Alex Ferri, Lecture Points to Obesity Misconceptions
*Weight loss isn’t as easy as people make it out to be and other misconceptions about obesity.

Jill, Food Responsibility
*Thought provoking post on who shares the responsibility for the obesity epidemic in the U.S.
Hat-tip to Planning the Day

Judy DeLoache, Need a Break? Depends on your Concept of Willpower
*Willpower as a limited resource? Think again. Exploration of how conceptualization of willpower affects our ability to work for long periods of time without breaks.

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