Author: PLOS Collections

PLOS launches Clinical Immunology Collection

Nathaniel Gore, Editorial Project Manager of PLOS Collections, on the launch of a new Clinical Immunology Collection

clinicalimmunology_allergies

Image Credit: NIAID/NIH, Wikimedia Commons / PLOS

Today PLOS launches a new Collection – the Clinical Immunology Collection. Following on from the successful redevelopment of the Synthetic Biology Collection, and responding to the commonly articulated request from our users that we provide more structured and efficient access to papers of interest in the PLOS corpus, the Clinical Immunology Collection is organized into several sub-disciplines, enabling researchers to easily locate the research they seek. To this end, the Clinical Immunology Collection launches today with sections on Allergies & Anaphylaxis and Tumor Immunology.

The Collection has been seeded with previously published PLOS content – from across the suite of PLOS journals – and will be expanded as new research and commentary is published by PLOS. Furthermore, the collection will see the addition of further Clinical Immunology subsections – including Immunodeficiency Syndromes, Autoimmune Conditions, Infectious Disease Immunology, Immunomodulatory Treatments and Transplant Immunology – and, later in the year, the addition of an Immunobiology Collection which will include sections on Cellular and Molecular Immunology, Evolutionary Immunology, Animal Models of the Human Immune System and Immune System Ontogeny.


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Category: General | 2 Comments

When 2 Become 1: Integrating the Health Care needs of Mothers and Infants, the New MHTF-PLOS Collection on Maternal Health

In November 2013, PLOS Medicine and the Maternal Health Task Force (MHTF) called for submissions to Year 3 of the MHTF-PLOS Collection on Maternal Health. Today we launch the Year 3 Collection and include 10 research articles recently published by PLOS.

Image credit: Jack Zalium, Flickr

Image credit: Jack Zalium, Flickr

The continuing collaboration between the MHTF at Harvard School of Public Health and PLOS Medicine is reflected in this latest collection highlighting the theme, “Integrating Health Care to Meet the Needs of the Mother–Infant Pair”. Our shared commitment to increasing the evidence base for approaches to improving maternal health has built a platform of research and commentary articles as featured in the preceding Year 1 & Year 2 Collections.
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Category: Collections, General, HIV, Maternal Newborn and Child Health | 1 Comment

The Blue Marble Health Collection: Redrawing Boundaries that Disease has Already Crossed

Peter J. Hotez, Co-Editor-in-Chief of PLOS Neglected Tropical Diseases, and Larry Peiperl, Chief Editor of PLOS Medicine, on a new PLOS Collection that highlights a shift in current thinking about global health.

This week PLOS Neglected Tropical Diseases and PLOS Medicine have joined forces to launch Blue Marble Health: the mismatch between national wealth and population health, the most recent PLOS Collection.

Two key PLOS papers, each published in the fall of 2013, stimulated the genesis of this Blue Marble Health Collection.

The poor living among the wealthy.

Major areas of poverty in the G20 nations and Nigeria, where most of the world’s NTDs occur.
doi:10.1371/journal.pntd.0002570.g001

The first, from PLOS NTDs - ”NTDs V.2.0: ‘Blue Marble Health’—Neglected Tropical Disease Control and Elimination in a Shifting Health Policy Landscape” –  found that while some NTDs such as river blindness, loiasis, African sleeping sickness and schistosomiasis are largely or exclusively diseases of sub-Saharan Africa, paradoxically many of the world’s highest concentration of NTDs occur in the 20 wealthiest economies – the group of 20 (G20) countries – especially in the mostly hidden pockets of extreme poverty that can be found in the big middle-income nations, such as Indonesia or in areas of the  BRICS countries, including northeastern Brazil, northern India, and southwestern China.  Moreover, the disease burden from NTDs is alarmingly high in the southern United States, especially in Texas and the Gulf Coast, in areas of Australia with large Aboriginal populations such as the Northern Territories, and Eastern Europe.

A parallel editorial in PLOS Medicine - Poor Health in Rich Countries: A Role for Open Access Journals - noted that relative poverty within a society is a stronger predictor of health than aggregate measures of economic power such as GNP or per-capita income. For example, tens of millions of Americans living in poverty, including many people of color, “experience levels of health that are typical of middle-income or low-income countries.” The editorial concluded that, for many issues that affect the health of people of lower socioeconomic status, clear-cut distinctions between “domestic” and “cross-border” research are becoming increasingly difficult to draw.


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Category: General, NCDs, Neglected Diseases | 1 Comment

Assessing Voluntary Medical Male Circumcision for HIV Prevention in a Unprecendented Public Health Intervention

PLOS launches a new collection, Voluntary Medical Male Circumcision for HIV Prevention: Improving Quality, Efficiency, Cost Effectiveness, and Demand for Services during an Accelerated Scale-up, which focuses on the challenges and opportunities of a large scale public health intervention. Dr. Emmanuel Njeuhmeli and Dr. Rhona MacDonald discuss the implementation and outcomes of the program so far.

Voluntary medical male circumcision (VMMC) – a surgical procedure that involves the complete removal of the foreskin by a trained medical professional – has been shown to be effective in the prevention of HIV transmission.

Image Credit: (left) Sgt. Adam Fischman, US Army Africa & (right) Sterling Riber, MFDI for Jhpiego/Tanzania

Image Credit: (left) Sgt. Adam Fischman, US Army Africa & (right) Sterling Riber, MFDI for Jhpiego/Tanzania

In 2007, WHO and the Joint United Nations Programme on HIV /AIDS  recommended that 14 priority countries with high HIV and low male circumcision prevalence in Southern and Eastern Africa consider implementing VMMC as a key intervention in their HIV prevention portfolio.

This massive public health intervention launched in 2009 with support from WHO/UNAIDS calling for 80% coverage of male circumcision by 2016. Although the growth of VMMC programs has dramatically increased over recent years, it appears that the coverage goal will be unattainable by 2016.
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Category: General | Tagged , | 2 Comments

Launch of the PLOS Pediatric Medicine Collection

PLOS Medicine Editors Rhona MacDonald and Amy Ross on the launch of the new PLOS Pediatric Medicine Collection and the upcoming Pediatric Academic Societies and Asian Society for Pediatric Research Meeting, where PLOS will be in attendance.

pediatric_medicine

Image credits (clockwise from top left): Matt Erasmus, Flickr.com; D.C. Atty, Flickr.com; Frank Douwes, Flickr.com; U.S. Air Force photo/Staff Sgt Eric T. Sheler, Wikimedia Commons

To coincide with PLOS Medicine’s participation in the Pediatric Academic Societies and Asian Society for Pediatric Research joint meeting (PAS/ASPR 14) in Vancouver on May 3-6, PLOS is delighted to announce the launch of a new collection on pediatric medicine. This collection collates key research and commentary relating to the health of children that has been published across the PLOS journals over the past year.

The Pediatric Medicine Collection covers children of all ages, includes those living in high, middle, and low-income countries, and covers the main conditions affecting children world-wide.
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Category: Collections, Conference news, General, Maternal Newborn and Child Health | Comments Off

Advances in HIV Mucosal Immunology: Challenges and Opportunities

Florian Hladik from the University of Washington and the Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center in Seattle, USA, explains why recent research on how to study the rectal and genital mucosa – featured in the new PLOS Collection Advances in HIV Mucosal Immunology: Challenges and Opportunities will be key to developing an effective HIV vaccine.

Image Credit: Artistic rendition of immune cells and potential HIV targets in the rectal mucosal. Yang, Ochoa, Preza & Anton, 2014

Image Credit: Artistic rendition of immune cells and potential HIV targets in the rectal mucosal. Yang, Ochoa, Preza & Anton, 2014

People most often become infected with HIV through sexual transmission; accordingly, their initial exposure to the virus is in their genital or rectal mucosa. Consequently, the best opportunity to prevent HIV transmission is through interventions that affect the mucosa. For example, new HIV infections could be prevented by reducing the amount of virus in the genital fluids of infected people or by stopping HIV from establishing productive infections in the genital or rectal mucosa of uninfected people. In order to design HIV interventions that work this way, we must first understand how best to study the mucosa so that we can determine whether test interventions are effective.
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Category: Collections, HIV | Tagged , , , , | 1 Comment

Celebrating the Second Year of the MHTF-PLOS Collection on Maternal Health

PLOS Medicine and the MHTF review highlights of the second successful collection, as part of their 3 Year partnership focusing on improving Maternal Health globally.

Back in late 2012 the Maternal Health Task Force, at the Harvard School of Public Health, and PLOS Medicine issued a call for papers on the theme ‘Maternal Health is Women’s Health’, chosen in order to recognise that a women’s health is of crucial importance through her lifetime, and not just during pregnancy and labour.

Image Credit: Jack Zalium and Richard Basset

Image Credit: Jack Zalium and Richard Basset

The breadth of the research that has been submitted to PLOS since the call has been of great quality and impact. In this blog, we’d like to highlight just some articles in the collection that represent a selection of the important work recommended to alleviate the poor health, low educational attainment and low socioeconomic status adversities affecting maternal health, that women and girls of experience throughout their lifetimes.
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Category: Collections, Maternal Newborn and Child Health | 1 Comment

MHTF & PLOS Medicine host a Special Event to Celebrate Year 2 of the Maternal Health Collection

On the 11th December, the MHTF and PLOS joined forces to celebrate the second Year of the Maternal Health Collection, highlighting the theme ‘maternal health is women’s health’ at the Harvard School of Public Health. The special event also featured the official launch of the Year 3 Call for Papers with a discussion on the latest theme for the Collection “integrating health care to meet the needs of the mother-infant pair” with PLOS Senior Editor, Dr. Rhona MacDonald.

Image Credit: Jack Zalium and Richard Basset

Image Credit: Jack Zalium and Richard Basset

Led by Dr. Ana Langer, Director of the MHTF, a selection of the Year 2 Collection authors presented and discussed their papers and the importance of their work for the improvement of maternal health worldwide. These authors included Dr. Nosakhare Orobaton, Dr. Cynthia Stanton and Dr. Suneth Agampodi.

A prominent topic of this discussion was addressed by Dr. Agampodi through his PLOS ONE paper, ‘Antenatal Depression in Anuradhapura, Sri Lanka and the Factor Structure of the Sinhalese Version of Edinburgh Post Partum Depression Scale among Pregnant Women’. This initial conversation focused on working towards a coordinated consensus in order to treat ‘minor aliments’, such as nausea, vomiting and lower back ache, during pregnancy, primarily concentrating on best-practice treatment for Sri Lankan women.
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Category: Collections, Maternal Newborn and Child Health | Comments Off

MHTF & PLOS Medicine host a Special Event to Celebrate Year 2 of the Maternal Health Collection

On the 11th December, the MHTF and PLOS joined forces to celebrate the second Year of the Maternal Health Collection, highlighting the theme ‘maternal health is women’s health’ at the Harvard School of Public Health. The special event also featured the official launch of the Year 3 Call for Papers with a discussion on the latest theme for the Collection “integrating health care to meet the needs of the mother-infant pair” with PLOS Senior Editor, Dr. Rhona MacDonald.

Image Credit: Jack Zalium and Richard Basset

Image Credit: Jack Zalium and Richard Basset

Led by Dr. Ana Langer, Director of the MHTF, a selection of the Year 2 Collection authors presented and discussed their papers and the importance of their work for the improvement of maternal health worldwide. These authors included Dr. Nosakhare Orobaton, Dr. Cynthia Stanton and Dr. Suneth Agampodi.

A prominent topic of this discussion was addressed by Dr. Agampodi through his PLOS ONE paper, ‘Antenatal Depression in Anuradhapura, Sri Lanka and the Factor Structure of the Sinhalese Version of Edinburgh Post Partum Depression Scale among Pregnant Women’. This initial conversation focused on working towards a coordinated consensus in order to treat ‘minor aliments’, such as nausea, vomiting and lower back ache, during pregnancy, primarily concentrating on best-practice treatment for Sri Lankan women.
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Category: Collections, Maternal Newborn and Child Health | Comments Off

PLOS & DNDi launch a new Collection celebrating a Decade of Open Access and NTD R&D

In the second post in celebration of the 10th Anniversaries of PLOS and the Drugs for Neglected Diseases initiative (DNDi), PLOS Medicine Senior Editor, Rhona MacDonald, discusses the new PLOS Collection highlighting the valuable work of DNDi published in PLOS throughout the years.

This special DNDi anniversary will also be celebrated at the Institut Pasteur from the 4th December.

As part of a collaborative initiative, PLOS and the Drugs for Neglected Diseases initiative (DNDi) are delighted to launch a special Collection—PLOS & DNDi: a decade of Open Access and Neglected Tropical Diseases R&D—to coincide with a joint event at the Institut Pasteur in Paris celebrating the 10 year anniversary of DNDi.

Tsetse Fly (Top Left): Tam Nguyen, Wikimedia Commons; Hand (Top Right): cosmo flash, Flickr; Petri Dish (Bottom Left): Microrao, Wikimedia Commons; Hookworm (Bottom Right): CDC’s Public Health Image Library, Wikimedia Commons.

Tsetse Fly (Top Left): Tam Nguyen, Wikimedia Commons; Hand (Top Right): cosmo flash, Flickr; Petri Dish (Bottom Left): Microrao, Wikimedia Commons; Hookworm (Bottom Right): CDC’s Public Health Image Library, Wikimedia Commons.

In addition to being the same age, PLOS and DNDi have much in common. Both organisations have broken convention, both have pushed boundaries, and both have successfully combined the pursuit of quality scientific research and its publication with a strong advocacy.

In a recent blog, DNDi describe their history and their drive to prioritise the R&D of neglected diseases by putting it on the international health agenda and by facilitating networks of scientists from around the world. DNDi has shown that a new model in which public and private actors share knowledge and work together towards a common purpose can work.
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Category: MSF, Trachoma | Comments Off