We don’t usually review books here on Obesity Panacea. That’s not because we don’t like books, we just don’t like to use digital ink on them unless there is something that we either love or hate about them. But I’ve come across 3 books related to diet, exercise and health in the past year that I really enjoyed, and which I think are just the thing to take with you on Canada Day/Fourth of July long weekend. Most of these books have been reviewed at length elsewhere, so I thought it would be more useful to simply give a relatively short synopsis of each book, as well as links to more detailed reviews that have been written previously. If you’ve read any of the books yourself, I would love to hear your thoughts in the comments.
My qualitative rating scale
When I read science books I find that they vary considerably in terms of 2 key factors: narrative and research evidence. Some books have a clearly defined narrative – we follow characters as they move through various situations, following some sort of arc from beginning to end (e.g. The Immortal Life of Henrietta Lacks). Others focus more on the science itself – lots of discussion of studies and what their findings tell us/don’t tell us, etc (e.g. The Elegant Universe). I enjoy reading both of these styles, although I find I often favour one or the other depending on my mood. So I have ranked each book based on how I feel that they rate on these two subjective characteristics, in order that you can choose the one(s) that suit your tastes.
Oh, and lest anyone worry about undue influence, I paid full price for 2 of these books, while the third was a gift from my mother-in-law.
The subtitle of this book pretty much sums it up. The book follows the author as he tries to track down the secrets of the running prowess of the Tarahumara Indians, who are able to casually win ultramarathons while wearing little in the way of footwear, all while appearing impervious to injury. The story is gripping, and I’ve been amazed at the broadness of the book’s appeal (it was read first by my sister-in-law, who passed it to my mother-in-law, who gave me a copy, which was then also read by my wife and my father). If you’re looking to relax on the beach with a beer or slice of watermelon, this is a perfect book for you.
However, while the story itself is fascinating (the narrative element was by far the strongest of the three books), it also had relatively little actual science content compared the books below. It did include discussion of findings and researchers, but this sort of storytelling doesn’t always allow for details on the nuances (e.g. general confusion) that is inherent to the research process. My biggest issue was when the author described “maverick” scientists – a term that always bothers me. You can make the argument that almost any scientist is a maverick if viewed through the right lens (Peter’s PhD studies suggested that you can be obese and healthy, does that make him a maverick?). That being said I did find the book’s discussions of research to be interesting, I just didn’t feel that I really learned much about the science of running itself. But it was part of a very interesting and enjoyable story.
Narrative Element: Very High
Science Content: Low
Perfect For: Anyone looking for a good story
This book was written by Canadian journalist Alex Hutchinson, who regular readers may remember from his recent guest post on the utility of stretching (or lack thereof). As the title suggests, this book is setup as a series of short questions and answers related to exercise.
For example (full table of contents here):
- Does pumping my arms make me run faster?
- Can exercise increase my risk of a heart attack?
- Is running on a treadmill better or worse than running outside?
- How can I avoid muscle cramps?
If (like me) you prefer everything to be evidence-based, then this is the book for you. It covers a range of topics that are useful for beginners right up to exercise physiologists – each chapter reads like a mini-review on important questions that almost everyone has at one time or another. I was surprised on the number of topics that covered information that was new to me, even on topics that (I like to think) I know quite well (e.g. endurance running). I also liked that Alex was realistic in his assessment of the literature (he’s not one to overstate the significance of a finding), and that he presented information on both the ideal way to reach a fitness goal, as well as the more realistic options that may be more relevant for the average reader. In fact, this book is actually quite reassuring in that it provides plenty of evidence that even if your workout isn’t perfect, you’re still getting lots of benefits – unless you’re an elite athlete, it’s good to know that you don’t need to lose sleep over the exact number of reps you do in each set.
If you like the research-based posts on this blog, or any of Alex’s articles in the Globe and Mail, then you will like this book. It’s short chapters are also ideal for reading in bite-sized chunks, whether on the bus, or on the throne. Obesity Panacea is also briefly mentioned in the book, which was exciting for me personally.
I had only one very (very) minor quibble with this book, and that was in the section on the value of personal trainers. When discussing the certifications to look for in a trainer, Alex overlooked Certified Personal Trainers, Certified Exercise Physiologists and Certified Kinesiologists, which are the only certifications in Canada that ensure that your trainer has at least some post-secondary education related to fitness and health (other certifications are more akin to a weekend CPR course). It may seem like a minor thing, but I think it’s an important distinction.
Narrative Element: Low
Science Content: Very High
Perfect For: The person that *needs* to know whether their workout plan is evidence-based.
3. The Cure for Everything! Untangling the Twisted Messages About Health, Fitness and Happiness (Timothy Caulfield)
In this book Tim Caulfield (who also happens to be Canada Research Chair in Health Law and Policy at the University of Alberta) takes us along on his personal journal to find the path to increased health fitness, and happiness. From the introduction:
Scientific data should help us make the best [health] decisions that we can, but is this what actually happens? While never promising the Truth, science is meant to nudge us closer to an objective picture of our world. It should give us some idea of what is likely to work. But despite the power of science to provide us with practical information, most of us have only a vague notion of what actually makes us healthy. Our vision has been obscured by personal and institutional agendas, commercial interests, and pop-culture spin….
My aim is to clarify the picture and explain that forces that have made [the science of health] obscure.
As you might expect from the above excerpt, he takes a very a critical view of the many stakeholders (including researchers) that distort the way that the public views health research. And he points out (somewhat relentlessly) that when the mainstream media talks about “health”, what they really mean is “sex” (do you really think anyone wants a 6 pack simply for the health benefits?). He also brings a critical eye to both both pharmaceutical and “natural” health industries.
In many ways I see this book as the happy medium between the two other books in this list – the story has plenty of science, as well as a compelling narrative as we follow Tim’s attempt to put all this science into practice in his own life. My only issue with the book is that Tim focuses so heavily on finding the ideal workout, diet, etc. In the process it shows just how unpleasant the “ideal” workout can be, but it would have been nice for people to be reminded that they can still get most of the health benefits of exercise (albeit without the 6-pack abs) even if their workout regimen remains “suboptimal”. But that is a pretty minor complaint, and the book was a fantastic read nonetheless.
Narrative Element: Medium
Science Content: Medium
Perfect For: The cynical health nut