The United States Bureau of Labor Statistics expects robust job growth for anthropology through 2018:
Overall employment of anthropologists and archaeologists, geographers, and historians is expected to grow by 22 percent from 2008 to 2018, which is much faster than the average for all occupations. Anthropologists and archaeologists, the largest specialty, is expected to grow by 28 percent, driven by growth in the management, scientific, and technical consulting services industry.
Anthropologists who work as consultants will be needed to apply their analytical skills and knowledge to problems ranging from economic development to forensics. A growing number of anthropologists also will be needed in specific segments of the Federal Government, such as the U.S. Department of Defense, to assess the regional customs and values—or “cultural terrain”—of a particular society in specific parts of the world.
Employment growth of archaeologists will be driven by higher levels of overall construction, including large-scale transportation projects and upgrades to the Nation’s infrastructure. As construction projects increase, more archaeologists will be needed to ensure that Federal laws related to the preservation of archaeological and historical sites and artifacts are met.
This information comes from the Bureau of Labor Statistics Occupational Outlook Handbook, 2010-11 Edition. The information on anthropology comes from the section on “Social Scientists, Other,” which covers jobs for anthropologists, archaeologists, geographers, and historians.
The Handbook provides a good description of anthropology and archaeology as fields, and highlights how their job prospects are best in science and technical arenas:
For anthropologists and archaeologists, opportunities will be best with management, scientific, and technical consulting services companies.
For more information on the job prospects for anthropology and archaeology, please head on over to the US Bureau of Labor Statistics’ Occupational Outlook Handbook and its section on Social Scientists, Other.